Technology uses stable qubits the company unveiled last year

Berenice Baker, Editor, Enter Quantum

July 4, 2023

1 Min Read
Microsoft
Future quantum computers could simulate millions of molecules in the time is currently takes to simulate hundreds.Future quantum computers could simulate millions of molecules in the time is currently takes to simulate hundreds.

Microsoft has published a six-step quantum roadmap that it claims could lead to a quantum supercomputer within ten years.

The technology centers around a type of stable topological qubit called Majorana that the company demonstrated last year.

In a blog post, Microsoft technical fellow and corporate vice-president of quantum hardware Chetan Nayak set out the step to achieve the company’s goals, with the first step marked as “achieved”.

1. Create and control Majoranas. 

2. Developing a hardware-protected qubit, also known as a topological qubit

3. High-quality hardware-protected qubits.

4. Developing a multi-qubit system.

5. Making that system resilient.

6. A practical quantum supercomputer.

Quantum Implementation Levels

Microsoft described the three levels of development of quantum hardware on the route to a practical quantum computer than can deliver quantum advantage:

Level 1—Foundational

These are quantum systems that run on noisy physical qubits. This includes all of today’s

 noisy intermediate scale quantum (NISQ) computers, such as the IonQ, Pasqal, Quantinuum, QCI and Rigetti to which Microsoft Azure Quantum provides access.

Level 2—Resilient

These will be quantum systems that operate on reliable logical qubits, which is essential to scaling.

Level 3—Scale

This represents quantum supercomputers that can solve impactful problems which even the most powerful classical supercomputers cannot, also known as quantum advantage or supremacy.

Azure Quantum Elements and Copilot

Microsoft has also introduced Azure Quantum Elements, which combines high-performance computing, AI and quantum, to speed up the research and development of new chemicals and materials.  

In March, the company introduced Copilot for Azure Quantum, a tool that taps generative AI to help scientists use natural language to reason through complex chemistry and materials science problems.

This article first appeared on IoT World Today's sister site, Enter Quantum

About the Author(s)

Berenice Baker

Editor, Enter Quantum

Berenice is the editor of Enter Quantum, the companion website and exclusive content outlet for The Quantum Computing Summit. Enter Quantum informs quantum computing decision-makers and solutions creators with timely information, business applications and best practice to enable them to adopt the most effective quantum computing solution for their businesses. Berenice has a background in IT and 16 years’ experience as a technology journalist.

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