IoT Predictions for 2019: Less Hype, More Pragmatism
leveraging machine-learning or at least planning on it. While the role of machine learning in cybersecurity is quickly growing, so is the fear that threat actors could also use machine learning to locate vulnerable targets and strategize how to make attacks more damaging. Adam Hunt, chief technology officer of RiskIQ predicts threat actors to also ramp up their use of adversarial machine learning enabling them to avoid detection by machine learning models. “The good guys’ machine learning models will need to evolve quickly to keep up with these threats by incorporating instance-based approaches, which use models that can learn incrementally from data scientists providing frequent feedback,” Hunt wrote in a blog.
Smart Building Leaders Will Focus on Driving Productivity
The investment management company Jones Lang LaSalle Inc. (JLL) has a rule of thumb known as the 3-30-300 equation, which holds that the costs per square foot associated with a commercial building are roughly $3 for utilities, $30 for rent, and $300 for payroll. To date, a chief focus of many smart building projects has been on reducing energy consumption and streamlining maintenance with technologies to optimize HVAC and make lighting more efficient. Charlene Marini, vice president of strategy, IoT Services Group at Arm predicts the focus next year will move toward driving productivity. “Smart buildings will increasingly move toward space optimization, object detection for safety/security, wayfinding and asset tracking, with the help of advanced technologies like locationing, computer vision and ML,” she said.
Smart Speakers Will Become More Common in Health Care Settings
Smart speakers may provide an often whimsical way for consumers to check the weather, play music and adjust their connected thermostats, but the technology has a potentially stronger use case in hospitals. Traditionally, nurses respond to patient requests to adjust lighting, heating or cooling, and occasionally help control the television in the room. The use of smart speakers would potentially make it simpler for patients to perform such tasks themselves. While smart speakers may not yet be commonplace in the field, IHS predicts 900,000 smart speakers will be deployed in health care by 2021. While the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act could provide a barrier to adoption for some use cases, nurses and doctors could also benefit from smart speakers that can respond to questions such as where a colleague or piece of equipment is in the hospital. Already, basic voice-dictation software can help doctors and nurses enter clinical notes in electronic medical records, and in 2017, the company Nuance Communications debuted a health care-focused smart speaker with such capabilities. Over time, the feature set of clinician-focused smart speakers is bound to increase. In intensive care units and operating rooms, smart speakers could potentially give caregivers a way to minimize infection by reducing the need to use physical touch to control medical devices.
Electric Scooter and E-Bike Markets Will Continue to See Rapid Growth
One of the most surprising and controversial technologies to emerge in 2018 was that of the electric scooter available to rent via a smartphone app. Almost overnight, the scooters appeared all over cities from Berlin to San Francisco, prompting intrigue and outrage for the chaos they caused. But at the close of 2018, connected scooters along with connected traditional bikes and e-bikes look like a better solution for helping traffic-plagued cities reduce traffic than Uber or Lyft, which appear to worsen traffic according to a survey from Schaller Consulting. By contrast, electric scooters and e-bikes…